Monstera Adansonii Complete Care Guide

Monstera Adansonii is one of our favorites, being easy to propagate and a fast grower compared with other plants. If you’re into some cool leaf fenestration and those soft-touchy leaves, Monstera Adansonii might be the plant to consider buying.

Scientific name: Monstera Adansonii

Also called: Monstera Monkey Leaf, Monstera Monkey Mask, Monkey Plant, Adanson’s Monstera, Swiss Cheese Plant, Five Holes Plant

Family: ARACEAE

If you’re into video content, you can find the Monstera Adansonii care guide right here:

care meter: 9/10

This Monstera is really easy to care for. Highly recommended for new plant parents.

light

Like any other plant from the Monstera group, the Monstera Adansonii (or Monstera Monkey Leaf) prefers bright indirect light (in abundance). Monstera Adansonii doesn’t like direct sun, the leaves will burn and the plant will slowly die, so it’s best to keep it away from harsh sunlight.

From experience, the Monstera Adansonii will grow just fine under grow-lights as long as those stay on at least 10 hours a day. Signs that your Monstera Adansonii might be light deprived will show on the vines. The leaves will fall off and the vines will remain empty or grow very small leaves, so keep that in mind.

watering

You can water your Monstera Adansonii once a week during the growing season (spring to early fall). During the dormancy period (fall to winter) slow down on watering once every 10 to 14 days.

During winter time I had lower temperatures in my home and I used to water my Monstera Adansonii every two weeks. If you overwater the Monstera Adansonii will show signs of yellowing leaves. Slowly but surely, if you don’t fix the problem soon enough, the Monstera Adansonii will get root rot. Always check the soil with your finger to see if the first 3 to 4cm (2 inches) are completely dry. Only then water your plant. Monstera Adansonii doesn’t mind as much being underwatered than overwatered (like the majority of plants).

Monstera Adansonii yellowing leaves caused by root rot

temperature

Average. Monstera Adansonii can grow well in temperatures between 18-27°C (65-80°F). Most importantly, don’t let your Monstera in temperatures under 15°C (58°F) for a very long time. The foliage will get permanent damage and it will cause stress on the plant.

humidity

Being a tropical plant, Monstera Adansonii prefers moderate to high humidity. If your home is too dry, you can use a humidifier to help your Monstera Adansonii grow faster. It’s not 100% necessary, but it could make a difference, not only on the growth of Monstera Adansonii, but for other plants as well.

Also, the high humidity decreases the risk of spider mites that can be a pain most of the time.

fertilizing

You can feed your Monstera Adansonii during growing season when the plant needs all the nutrients it can get.

During winter, keep on fertilizing only if the plant is still growing (maybe once every two months). During dormancy, you don’t have to feed your plants since it can cause more harm than good.

If you’re using a chemical fertilizer, for the first couple of times, use less than is mentioned on the bottle. Also less often than is recommended, usually once a month is enough.

For the NPK ratio you can use a 10-10-10 or a 20-20-20 to help all the nutrients stay in balance. If you have any other fertilizer at your disposal, almost anything will do (at least in the beginning).

substrate

You want your substrate to be as light as possible since the Monstera Adansonii doesn’t like the excess water. You need a substrate that doesn’t stay wet for too long.

A great mix and something I’ve been using on my Monstera Adansonii, is one part coco fiber with one part perlite and one part orchid bark. This mix is very light and it dries out fast enough to not cause problems.

You can also add some vermiculite or active charcoal if you have them as it helps from the nutrients’ perspective.

Whatever you do, please don’t just use plain soil or regular potting soil without mixing it with at least perlite. A heavy soil will not go well with the root system and it can lead to damage on the long run.

plastic versus terracotta

From my experience, I managed to grow my Monstera Adansonii in both terracotta and plastic. If you like terracotta pots, its best to check the soil more frequently since the porous texture of the terracotta will help the soil dry faster.

yellowing leaves caused by underwatering (coincidently the plant is in a terracotta pot)

Either you chose a plastic pot or a terracotta pot, don’t forget about the draining holes. They are essential for the health of the roots.

I prefer to keep the smaller plants in terracotta and the bigger plants in plastic pots. (That’s just because I’m kind of clumsy and the heavy pots will definitely be a challenge for me and the safety of my plants).

repotting

If you just got a Monstera Adansonii and you have in mind the perfect new pot for it, it’s best to wait at least a couple of weeks before you repot your plant. Let your Monstera Adansonii get used to the new environment and avoid putting the plant to greater stress.

If you have the Monstera Adansonii for some time and the roots are showing on the bottom of the pot, it’s time for a repot. Upgrade only little by little in order to avoid any root problems. It’s best to repot during growing season, so that your Monstera Adansonii can adapt quickly.

Fun fact: It’s possible to find rubber band just above the Monstera Adansonii roots. I suspect this happens only for the looks, to make the plant seem fuller and thicker. I suggest you remove the rubber band before moving the plant into another pot. This will help the Monstera Adansonii grow more freely.

rubber band above the Monstera Adansonii roots

propagation

The Monstera Adansonii can be propagated best in water. For better results, chose plant segments with at least one viable node. (If you can see an axillary bud it’s even better – see picture).

axillary bud on Monstera Adansonii

You can also propagate the Monstera Adansonii directly into soil, but I prefer to see the roots growing before that.

Air layering is another option for this monstera and it can be done pretty easy.

pests

A pest that could cause problems is the mealy bug. This parasite is a bit easier to remove than others, but it’s still annoying.

mealy bugs on Monstera Adansonii

Another issue could be the mosaic virus. The mosaic virus does damage from within and it can be noticeable only when the leaves are already suffering. However, there is no need to worry about the mosaic virus since it’s pretty rare. The discoloration on the plant can show the lack of nutrients most of the time.

toxicity

Unfortunately, Monstera Adansonii isn’t pet friendly and if any cat or doggo consumes a good-looking leaf, it can cause swelling and irritation. Keep the Monstera Adansonii away from reach.

other tips and tricks you might like:

  • For encouraging the Monstera Adansonii to grow bigger leaves, you can use a moss pole or a DIY sphagnum moss pole for additional support. Keep the moss pole a bit moist to help the growth of the aerial roots (they will help the overall development of the plant).
  • Speaking of leaves, rotate your Monstera Adansonii every time you water it. This habit will help the plant grow evenly and healthy, allowing all the leaves to get equal amounts of light, which is super important.
  • Keep your Monstera Adansonii dust free. It is better to clean the leaves from time to time to ensure that the plant will photosynthesize in normal conditions.
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